Brief CV (until Dec. 2013)

Prof. Lorena Pardo (Madrid (ES), 1960. Female

Ph.D. in Physical Sciences by The “Universidad Complutense de Madrid”, 1987. Permanent Staff of CSIC . Tenure Scientist, from February 1989. Senior Researcher from May 2005. Research Professor from July 2008. Laboratories of Ferroelectric Materials – ICMM. (See the latest activities: here )

Brief CV (until December 2013)

    • More than 150 published manuscripts (197 by January 2024) in journals included in the SCI (WoS), and some 40 (48 in January 2024, including book chapters) in IEEE catalogue volumes, NATO ARW, UK IOM and other Proceedings, on ferro-piezoelectric ceramics, composites, thick and thin films.
    • Advisor of five Ph.D. Thesis in Spanish Universities.
    • Director of the “Departamento de Materiales Ferroeléctricos-ICMM” (1994-1997; 2005).
    • VicePresident of the Electroceramics Section of the Spanish Society of Ceramics and Glass (1998-2002).
    • Organizer of six National Meetings on Electroceramics (1991-2001) – President of the Organizing Committee in 1996 and 1999-, President of the Organizing Committee of COST514 and COST539 Workshops (Madrid, 1996 and 2009), President of the Proceedings Sub-Committee of the IMF-10 (2001) and Invited Editor of the Proceedings of IMF-10 (Sept. -2001) in “Ferroelectrics”, volumes 267-273.
    • Member (1993-99) – Spanish Representative – and Chairperson (1996-99) of The Management Committee of the EC COST514 Action on Ferroelectric Ceramic Thin Films
    • Member (2000-2005) – Spanish Representative – of The Management Committee of the EC COST528 Action on Chemical Solution Deposition of Thin Films.
    • Member (2005-2009) – Spanish Representative – of The Management Committee of the EC COST539 Action on Electroceramics from Nanopowders Produced by Non-conventional Methods (ELENA). Co-responsible of Workpackage 3: Functional Characterisation of Electroceramics and Films.
    • Member of the Steering Committee and Responsible of Workpackage 3: Projects Coordination, and Member of the Steering Committee of the “POLar ElectroCERamics (POLECER)” Thematic Network (contract G5RT-CT2001-05024). (2001-2007)
    • Member of the Executive Board and Group Leader of the Spanish Partner in the Multifunctional and Integrated Piezoelectric Devices (MIND) Network of Excellence (2005-2010). By December 2013, she is CSIC contact person with the “Piezoinstitute Board of Directors”



Participant of more than 35 research projects (57 by January 2024), being project leader of: 5 CE funded research projects with industrial participation, 1 industrial research contract, 1 project under COST514 action on “Ferroelectric Ceramic Thin Films”, two bi-lateral cooperation activities (DK, FR), 5 special actions (and 1 project (MAT2017-86168-R) by January 2024) of the National Funding Agency, 1 project and 1 special action of the Madrid Regional Funding Agency (CAM) (and an EU CSA project, one PIE201060E069 and one COOPB20160 CSIC projects by January 2024). Noticeably, at European level, project leader of:

      • “Ferroelectric Ceramic Thin Films for SAW Devices” (COST514)
      • “Multilayer structures and thin films for actuator and microactuator applications” (ERBCIPA-CT94-0236)
      • “Microfabrication with Ultra-Violet ASsisted Sol-Gel Technology (MUVAST)” (BRPR-CT98-0777)
      • “Study of the coercive field dependence on the microstructure of PZ26 ceramics”(Contract with Ferroperm A/S (DK))
      • “Estudio cuantitativo de la textura de cerámicas y láminas delgadas ferroeléctricas” CSIC-Université du Maine Le Mans
      • “Lead-Free piezoelectric ceramics based on alkaline niobate family (LEAF)” (G5RD-CT-2001-00431) 
      • High sensitivity novel Piezoceramics for aDvanced applications – textured, thick films and multilayer structures (PIRAMID)” (G5RD-CT-2001-00456). 



 On ferro-piezoceramics the main topics of research were: 

1) the application of the quantitative microscopy to the study of polycrystalline ferroelectric materials obtained by non-conventional processing routes1 (inorganic sol-gel, hydrothermal synthesis, mechanoactivation, Pechini route) and their microstructure-functional properties relationships determination2,3  

2) the development of an iterative automatic method for electromechanical characterization from resonance3 of piezoceramics and application to wide range of piezoceramics characterization and processing studies(commercial lead titanate-zirconate (PZT) ceramics4, modified lead titanate compositions ((Ca,Sm, La)-mPT1, alkaline niobates5, Bismuth Layered Structure Ferroelectrics (BLSF)6 and (Bi0.5Na0.5)xBa1- xTiO37,8) and (1-x)Ba(ZryTi1-y)O3–x(Ba1-zCaz)TiO31) study of the thermal evolution4 of their properties and their phase transitions9,10

The main activity on integrated ferroelectrics was the optimization of the multifunctionallity of lead titanate based thin films. Specific examples with focus on the pyro and piezoelectric functionalities are the study of these at nanoscale11, the the preparation of new materials, as the multicompositional heterostructures12 and the study of lead titanate nanostructures13.


Selected Papers

1. “Lead-free Ba0.9Ca0.1Ti0.9Zr0.1O3 piezoelectric ceramics processed below 1300ºC” A. Reyes, L. Pardo, R. López, A.M. Gonzalez, M.P. Cruz and M. E. Villafuerte-Castrejón. J. Alloys and Compounds 584, 28-33 (2014)

2. “Microstructure-properties relationships in Sm-modified lead titanate piezoceramics. Part I: Quantitative study of the microstructure”. J.Ricote and L. Pardo.Acta Metallurgica et Materialia 44((3), 1155-1167 (1996).


3. “Enhanced properties for ultrasonic transduction, phase transitions and thermal depoling in 0.96(Bi0.5Na0.5)TiO3-0.04BaTiO3 submicron structured ceramic”.L. Pardo, A. García, K. Brebøl, E. Mercadelli and C. Galassi. J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys 44 ,335404 (2011).


4. “Properties of Ferro-Piezoelectric Ceramic Materials in the Linear Range: Determination from Impedance Measurements at Resonance”. L. Pardo and K. Brebøl. Chapter 13 in “Multifunctional Polycrystalline Ferroelectric Materials: Processing and Properties” Eds. L. Pardo and J. Ricote. Springer Series in Materials Science, Vol. 140. Springer, Londres (UK) (2011).


5. ” Temperature behaviour of structural, dielectric and piezoelectric properties of sol-gel processed ceramics of the system LiNbO3-NaNbO3“.L. Pardo, P.Duran-Martín, J.P. Mercurio, L. Nibou and B. Jimenez. Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids 58(9), 1335-1339(1997).


6. “(Bi3TiNbO9)x(SrBi2Nb2O9)1-x Aurivillius type structure piezoelectric ceramics obtained from mechanochemically activated oxides”. L. Pardo, A. Castro, P. Millán, C. Alemany, R. Jimenez and B. Jiménez. Acta Materialia 48(9), 2421-2428 (2000).


7. “Piezoelectric characterization of Lead-Free Ferroelectric Ceramics”. L. Pardo, A. García, K. Brebøl, L. P. Curecheriu, L. Mitoseriu, E. Mercadelli and C. Galassi. Processing and Applications of Ceramics (2010)4(3), 199–207 (2010).


8. “Dielectric Constant Tunability at Microwave Frequencies and Pyroelectric Behavior of Lead-Free Submicron-Structured (Bi0.5Na0.5)1-xBaxTiO3 Ferroelectric Ceramics” F. L. Martínez, J. Hinojosa, G. Domenech, F. Luque, J. Zapata, R. Ruiz and L. Pardo. Trans. IEEE UFFC 60(8), 1595 (2013)


9. “Field-Induced Phase Transition and Relaxor Character in Submicron Structured Lead-Free (Bi0.5Na0.5)0.94Ba0.06TiO3 Piezoceramics at the Morphotropic Phase Boundary.” L. Pardo, E. Mercadelli, A. García, K. Brebøl and C. Galassi. IEEE Trans. UFFC58(9), 1893-1904 (2011).


10. “Anisotropy and dynamic thermal depolarization of 0.96(Bi0.5Na0.5)TiO3 – 0.04 BaTiO3 lead- free piezoceramics”.L. Pardo, A. García, K. Brebøl, E. Mercadeli and C. Galassi. Book Series: IEEE International Symposium on Applications of Ferroelectrics. Published: 2012. Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/ISAF.2012.6297762


11. “Stress-induced suppression of piezoelectric properties in PbTiO3:La films via Scanning Force Microscopy”.A. L. Kholkin,V. V. Shvartsman, A. Yu. Emelyanov, R. Poyato, M.L. Calzada and L. Pardo.Applied Physics Letters 82(13), 2127-2129 (2003).


12. “Reduced Dielectric Dispersion on ferroelectric (Pb,La)TiO3 /(Pb,Ca)TiO3 Thin Film Multilayer Heterostructures owed to a mechanical stress relaxation mechanism”.R.Poyato, M.L. Calzada and L. Pardo.Applied Physics Letters 84(21), 4161-4163 (2004).


13. “Influence of the substrate surface on the self-assembly of ferroelectric PbTiO3 nanostructures obtained by microemulsion assisted Chemical Solution Deposition”. M. Torres, M. Alonso, M.L. Calzada and L. Pardo. Ferroelectrics 390(1), 122-129 (2009).


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