The following facilities are available in our group:
- Chemistry lab for the synthesis of precursor solutions of metal oxides, including an inert atmosphere glovebox system and Schlenk lines for handling moisture sensitive reagents (e.g., metal alkoxides).
- High-energy planetary ball mills (Fritsch Vario-Mill Pulverisette 4 and 6 models) with WC and steel grinding bowls and balls.
- Hot pressing system (up to 1000 ºC and 100 MPa) and conventional annealing furnaces (up to 1600 ºC).
- Tape-casting for the preparation of thin ceramic tapes from ceramic slurry (Tape Casting Warehouse, Inc.).
- Rheometers (Brookfield HBDV-III+ and R/S-CPS models).
- Ultrasonic processor (Sonics & Materials Inc., Vibra-CellTM).
- System for photocatalysis in liquid medium, including a solar lamp (Osram, Ultra-Vitalux, 300 W) and gas flux lines.
- UV/Vis spectrophotometer (Biochrom Libra S35).
- Class 100 cleanroom for the fabrication of thin films, including spin- and dip-coating techniques and hot plates.
- Rapid thermal process system (Jipelec JetStar 100T Processor), inside the cleanroom.
- UV-assisted rapid heating system comprised of an excimer lamp (Heraeus Bluelight Curing Module, 222 nm), and either a ceramic heater (Watlow, Ultramic Advanced Ceramic Heater, 155W/cm2) or an infrared lamp (250 W), inside the cleanroom.
- Sputter for substrate metallization and electrodes deposition (Bal-Tec SCD 050), inside the cleanroom.
- Electrical measurement lab for the macroscopic characterization of bulk and thin-film ceramic capacitors, including a Radiant Precision Premier II materials analyzer, LCR-meters and impedance analyzers, oscilloscopes, pulse generators, electrometers, current amplifiers, probe stations (cryogenic, high-temperature) and smaller equipment.
- Electric-field induced deformation measuring system (PerkinElmer TMS2) for bulk ceramic capacitors, including a lock-in amplifier and a magnetomechanical dilatometer. A Berlincourt test system (Channel Products Inc.) is also included.
- Complex analysis of piezoelectric resonances in bulk ceramic capacitors by impedance spectroscopy (1 Hz – 1 MHz), using finite element analysis to determine the elastic, piezoelectric, and dielectric coefficients from the matrix characterization of a piezoceramic.
- Dynamic mechanical analysis (PerkinElmer DMA7), including 3-point bending system probe (from -120 ºC to 1000 ºC).
- Magnetoelectric response measuring system (Serviciencia S.L.) consisting of two Helmholtz coils (high power and high frequency) designed to independently provide a static magnetic field (up to 1000 Oe), and an alternate magnetic field (of 10 Oe) up to a frequency of 150 kHz. A dc current source up to 20 A is used to drive the high power coil, while a function generator plus a specifically built transconductance amplifier is used to drive the high frequency coil. Magnetoelectric voltages are sensed with a lock-in amplifier.
- Piezoresponse force microscopy for the local characterization of thin-film capacitors, including WSxM® software (Nanotec Electrónica, S.L.).
- Profilometer (Taylor-Hobson Form Talysurf50).
In addition, support laboratories of ICMM-CSIC (internal services) are also available on request.