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“Stochastic vs. deterministic magnetic coding in designed cylindrical nanowires for 3D magnetic networks”

C. Bran, E. Saugar, J.A. Fernandez-Roldan, R.P. del Real, A. Asenjo, L. Aballe, M. Foerster, A. Fraile Rodríguez, E.M. Palmero, M. Vazquez and O. Chubykalo-Fesenko

Nanoscale 13 (2021) 12587

DOI: 10.1039/d1nr02337c


Advances in cylindrical nanowires for 3D information technologies profit from intrinsic curvature that introduces significant differences with regards to planar systems. A model is proposed to control the stochastic and deterministic coding of remanent 3D complex vortex configurations in designed multilayered (magnetic/non-magnetic) cylindrical nanowires. This concept, introduced by micromagnetic simulations, is experimentally confirmed by magnetic imaging in FeCo/Cu multilayered nanowires. The control over the random/deterministic vortex states configurations is achieved by a suitable geometrical interface tilting of almost non-interacting FeCo segments with respect to the nanowire axis, together with the relative orientation of the perpendicular magnetic field. The proper design of the segments’ geometry (e.g. tilting) in cylindrical nanowires opens multiple opportunities for advanced nanotechnologies in 3D magnetic networks.

This work has been performed in collaboration between our GNMP group at ICMM/CSIC with ALBA Synchrotron Light Facility, CELLS, Barcelona, the Departament de Física de la Matèria Condensada, Universitat de Barcelona and the Group of Permanent Magnets and Applications, IMDEA Nanoscience, Madrid. It has been supported by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation under Projects MAT2016-76824-C3-1-R, PID2019-108075RB-C31/AEI /10.13039/501100011033 and PGC2018-097789-B-I00 and the Regional Government of Madrid under Project S2018/NMT-4321 NANOMAGCOST-CM.

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